Camarillo (/ˌkæməˈriːoʊ/ kam-ə-ree-oh) is a city in Ventura County, California, USA. The population was 65,201 at the 2010 census, up from 57,084 at the 2000 census. The Ventura Freeway (U.S. Route 101) is the city's primary thoroughfare. Camarillo is named forAdolfo and Juan Camarillo, two of the few Californios (pre-1848 California natives of Hispanic ancestry) to preserve the city's heritage after the arrival of Anglo settlers. The railroad coast route came through in 1898 and built a station here. Adolfo Camarillo eventually employed 700 workers growing mainly lima beans. Walnuts and citrus were also grown on the ranch. Adolfo bred Camarillo White Horses in the 1920s through the 1960s and was well known for riding them, dressed in colorful Spanish attire, in parades such as the Fiesta of Santa Barbara.
The city grew slowly prior to World War II but the war effort saw the construction of the Oxnard Army Air Field (later Oxnard Air Force Base in 1951, now Camarillo Airport) to the west of town. The community also grew as the new base along with nearby Naval Air Station Point Mugu and a Seabee base at Port Hueneme brought many workers and their families to the area. The grounds of Camarillo State Hospital, that opened in 1936 south of town, is now the campus of California State University, Channel Islands.
As with most cities in Ventura County, it is noted for its resistance to new development. In 2014, the council voted against a 895 acre project that would have extended development on agricultural lands east towards the Conejo Grade.
Quality of life
Camarillo and the surrounding area has a temperate, Mediterranean-type climate. Its location in a coastal valley brings mild ocean breezes and temperatures in the 70s throughout most of the year. An average rainfall of 13 inches (330 mm) occurs primarily from November to February. The city has over 300 days of sunshine a year and an average humidity of 62%.
Snow has only fallen about 3 times in the last thirty years and is seldom more than a dusting. Snow is often visible during the winter months above the 4,000-foot (1,200 m) level in the mountains to the north. The proximity of the ocean sometimes causes morning fog in the spring and early summer.
Camarillo is primarily a bedroom community made up of large housing tracts, with elementary schools and small strip malls serving the neighborhood. The primary public high schools serving Camarillo are Adolfo Camarillo High School in Mission Oaks, and Rio Mesa High School in Strickland between Oxnard and Camarillo. Both are part of the Oxnard Union High School District which is building Rancho Campana High School near the intersection of Lewis Road and Las Posas Road and scheduled to be completed by the fall semester of 2015. The private Cornerstone Christian School is also located in Camarillo.
The Boys and Girls Club of Camarillo has been open since 1967. The Club serves close to 400 kids per day and is primarily funded by donations from the Community. The YMCA has a facility on Village at the Park Drive, and a new library was constructed and opened on March 31, 2007. Many sports leagues, including adult leagues, such as baseball, basketball, football, and the largest AYSO soccer league west of the Mississippi are located in Camarillo. An outdoor in-line hockey rink is in Freedom Park, near the Camarillo Airport.
The incidence of all types of crime committed in the city is far below the national average.
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